Arts & English for young learners

25 May 2011

Art Movements

Filed under: General — adrianscgi23 @ 23:01

Abstract Expressionism, Impressionism and Pop Art

 

 

Abstract Expressionism

Abstract expressionism was an American post-World War II art movement. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve worldwide influence and also the one that put New York City at the center of the art world, a role formerly filled by Paris.

Although the term “abstract expressionism” was first applied to American art in 1946 by the art critic Robert Coates, it had been first used in Germany in 1919 in the magazine Der Sturm, regarding German Expressionism. In the USA, Alfred Barr was the first to use this term in 1929 in relation to works by Wassily Kandinsky.[1]

Like all Modern art, a general term used for most of the artistic production from the late Nineteenth century until approximately the 1970s, works of art created during this period reflect a new approach to art which placed emphasis on representing emotions, themes, and various abstractions. Artists experimented with new ways of seeing, with fresh ideas about the nature, materials and functions of art, often moving further toward abstraction.

In Expressionist Art, the artist tries to express certain feelings about some thing. The artists that painted in this style were more concerned with having their paintings express a feeling than in making the painting look exactly like what they were painting.

Marc Chagall , Wassily Kandinsky , Ludwig Kirchne

Impressionism

Impressionism was developed in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These pieces of art were painted as if someone just took a quick look at the subject of the painting. The paintings were usually in bold colors and did not have a lot of detail. The paintings in this style were usually outdoor scenes like landscapes. The pictures were painted to look like they were shimmering.

Characteristics of Impressionist paintings include relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes; open composition; emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time); common, ordinary subject matter; the inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience; and unusual visual angles. The development of Impressionism in the visual arts was soon followed by analogous styles in other media which became known as Impressionist music and Impressionist literature.

The term “Impressionism” can also be used to describe art created in this style, but not during the late 19th century.

Claude Monet,  Mary Cassatt, Pierre Auguste Renoir,  Camille Pissaro.

Pop Art

Pop Art, born slightly after the Abstract Expressionist movement, is seen by many as both a reaction and an expansion on the ideas which that movement was presenting.  The idea of Pop Art is one which seeks to challenge traditional approaches to art.  The definition of Pop Art maintains that when an artist uses an image or theme that is a mass-produced quantity, their work is still valid and should be classified as Fine Art because they are removing any of the original meaning from the context and are making a unique statement with the materials which they use.  The entire idea behind Pop Art does not relate so much to the art itself as to the attitudes of the artists about the pieces.

Pop Art has roots with Pop Music as well, with the movement toward expressing popular ideas and beliefs instead of the more traditional elitist views toward beauty in art and life.  Both elements make heavy use of irony while making their points.  It is usually seen as a way of responding to the personal symbolism that Abstract Expressionism brought, making art more accessible to the public with impersonal works filled with irony and parody to make a point.

Though it began in America during the late 1950s, Pop Art took its strongest hold during the 60s, when artists such as Roy Lichtenstein, Jasper Johns, and Andy Warhol had found a place in the art world.  Due to the absorbing of modern art into the increasingly sophisticated advertising world, the American public didn’t have a far leap to make into Pop Art.  The struggle with the artists came in the form of finding deeper meaning in the popular images of the day, an exercise which the public took very well to.  The strength with which the artists imbued their work was forceful, however.  The bold and striking images which came from the Pop Art movement are ones which can still find resonance today.

Pop art can be any every day item that is drawn in a brash and colorful way. Pop Art is short for Popular Art. It is inspired by comic strips, advertising, and popular entertainment.

Andy Warhol,  Roy Lichtenstein,  Claes Oldenberg ,  David Hockney

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1 Comment »

  1. Pop art is an art movement that was born in the mid 1950s in Britain and in the late 1950s in the United States.Pop art uses aspects of mass culture, such as advertising, comic books or cultural objects. Pop art often takes as its imagery that which is currently in use in advertising.
    Andy Warhol, 1962 Campbell’s Soup Cans is one of the most representative pictures of this type of drawing.
    In Spain, pop art studio is associated with the “new figurative” that arose from the crisis of informality. the Spanish who worked in proximity to this approach we can mention the “Chronicle Team” which worked in Valencia between 1964 and 1981, made by artists like Manolo Valdés and Rafael Solbes. The filmmaker Pedro Almodóvar Madrid subculture emerged from the “La Movida” of the 1970 doing pop 8 mm films on a budget.
    Andy Warhol, was an American artist and filmmaker who played a crucial role in the birth and development of pop art. After a successful career as a professional illustrator, Warhol became business relationship with the media and its role as a guru of modern times. Warhol served as liaison between artists and intellectuals, but also likes drug addicts, models.One of the most popular contributions Warhol was his statement on “15 minutes of fame” that anyone can get. This phrase in a way predicted the current power of the media and the heyday of yellow journalism and reality shows.

    Comment by Sergio Arrutia Noriega — 16 June 2011 @ 21:31

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