Arts & English for young learners

16 June 2011

Impressionism, pop art and abstract expressionism.

Filed under: General — laurarpgi23 @ 22:19

Abstract expressionism

Abstract expressionism was a movement created in America after the Second World War in the 1940s and after a few decades it had spread around the world.

Abstract expressionism is usually painted over big surfaces, and specially over canvas using oil. Normally, it removes figures, but there are some exceptions. Other of its mains characteristics is the use of the called ”all over” which covers all the surface of the canvas, and it means an open field without limits on the painting’s surface. The use of colours is reduced to white, black and the primary colours: yellow, magenta and cian. In this kind of paintings we can see the distress, which reflects the society where these paintings came out.

First, it was under the influence of the surrealism. After de WWII, it created two new trends: action painting and color fields.  Some action painters are Polloc and Kooning and color-field painters are artists such us Rothko.

 Pop Art

Pop art is an art movement which was created in the early 1950s and in America in the late 1950s.  Pop removes the material from its context and isolates the object, or combines it with other objects.Pop art is employed in mass culture such us advertising, comic books or other cultural objects. Unlike to the abstract expressionism, pop art uses the irony and parody. Pop art’ objective is to employ images of popular as opposed to elitist culture in art.

Much of pop art is considered ilogic, as some practices that are often used make it difficult for some to understandit easily.

Some pop art artists are Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol and Tom Wesselmann.


It was a 19- century movement originated by some artists from Paris. At the start they didn’t have any success, but then it became a really important movement. Its name is derived from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant.

It has small, thin, yet visible brush strokes.Radicals in their time, early Impressionists violated the rules of academic painting.They began by constructing their pictures from freely brushed colours .The Impressionists found out that they could capture the momentary and transient effects of sunlight by painting en plein air.

Impressionism became a precursor of various styles of painting, including Neo-Impressionism, Post-impressionism, Fauvism and Cubism.

Some Impressionist are Cézanne, Degas, Manet, Monet et Renoir.

Impressionism, Por Art, and Abstarct expressionism.

Filed under: General — marinapagi23 @ 19:50

Pop art is an art movementthat emerged in the mid 1950s in Britain,and in the late 1950s in the United States.Pop art challenged tradition by asserting that an artist’s use of the mass-produced visual commodities of popular culture is contiguous with the perspective of fine art. Pop removes the material from its context and isolates the object, or combines it with other objects, for contemplation. The concept of pop art refers not as much to the art itself as to the attitudes that led to it.

Pop art employs aspects of mass culture, such as advertisingcomic books, and mundane cultural objects. It is widely interpreted as a reaction to the then-dominant ideas of abstract expresionism as well as an expansion upon them.

The Campbell’s Soup Cans labels, by Andy Warhol, is a good example of pop art.

Abstract expressionism was an American post–World War II art movement. It was the first specifically American movement to achieve worldwide influence and put New York City at the center of the western art world, a role formerly filled by Paris. Although the term “abstract expressionism” was first applied to American art in 1946 by the art critic Robert Coates, it had been first used in Germany in 1919 in the magazine Der Sturm, regarding German Expressionism. In the USA, Alfred Barr was the first to use this term in 1929 in relation to works by Wassily Kandinsky

Impressionism was a 19th-century art movement that originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s. The name of the style is derived from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satiric review published in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari.Characteristics of Impressionist paintings include relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes; open composition; emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time); common, ordinary subject matter; the inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience; and unusual visual angles.

Filed under: General — cristinmcggi23 @ 19:36


    A painting movement in which artists typically applied paint rapidly, and with force to their huge canvases in an effort to show feelings and emotions, painting gesturally, non-geometrically, sometimes applying paint with large brushes, sometimes dripping or even throwing it onto canvas. Their work is characterized by a strong dependence on what appears to be accident and chance, but which is actually highly planned. Some Abstract Expressionist artists were concerned with adopting a peaceful and mystical approach to a purely abstract image. Usually there was no effort to represent subject matter. Not all work was abstract, nor was all work expressive, but it was generally believed that the spontaneity of the artists’ approach to their work would draw from and release the creativity of their unconscious minds. The expressive method of painting was often considered as important as the painting itself.

   Abstract Expressionism originated in the 1940s, and became popular in the 1950s.

    Artists who painted in this style include Hans Hoffman, Adolph Gottlieb, Mark Rothko Willem De Kooning ,Clyfford Still, Barnett Newman…


   Pop Art emerged in the mid 1950s in England, but realized its fullest potential in New York in the ’60s where it shared, with Minimalism, the attentions of the art world.

   It is a moot point as to whether the most extraordinary innovation of 20th-century art was Cubism or Pop Art. Both arose from a rebellion against an accepted style: the Cubists thought Post-Impressionist artists were too tame and limited, while Pop Artists thought the Abstract Expressionists pretentious and over-intense. Pop Art brought art back to the material realities of everyday life, to popular culture (hence “pop”), in which ordinary people derived most of their visual pleasure from television, magazines, or comics.

   The most famous of the Pop artists, the cult figure Andy Warhol, recreated quasi-photographic paintings of people or everyday objects.


Impressionism, French Impressionism, a major movement, first in painting and later in music, that developed chiefly in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Impressionist painting comprises the work produced between about 1867 and 1886 by a group of artists who shared a set of related approaches and techniques. The most conspicuous characteristic of Impressionism was an attempt to accurately and objectively record visual reality in terms of transient effects of light and colour. The principal Impressionist painters were Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro.   The established painter Édouard Manet, whose work in the 1860s greatly influenced Monet and others of the group, himself adopted the Impressionist approach about 1873. Edgar Degas and Paul Cézanne also painted in an Impressionist style for a time in the early 1870s.

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