Arts & English for young learners

16 June 2011

Impressionism, pop art and abstract expressionism.

Filed under: General — laurarpgi23 @ 22:19

Abstract expressionism

Abstract expressionism was a movement created in America after the Second World War in the 1940s and after a few decades it had spread around the world.

Abstract expressionism is usually painted over big surfaces, and specially over canvas using oil. Normally, it removes figures, but there are some exceptions. Other of its mains characteristics is the use of the called ”all over” which covers all the surface of the canvas, and it means an open field without limits on the painting’s surface. The use of colours is reduced to white, black and the primary colours: yellow, magenta and cian. In this kind of paintings we can see the distress, which reflects the society where these paintings came out.

First, it was under the influence of the surrealism. After de WWII, it created two new trends: action painting and color fields.  Some action painters are Polloc and Kooning and color-field painters are artists such us Rothko.

 Pop Art

Pop art is an art movement which was created in the early 1950s and in America in the late 1950s.  Pop removes the material from its context and isolates the object, or combines it with other objects.Pop art is employed in mass culture such us advertising, comic books or other cultural objects. Unlike to the abstract expressionism, pop art uses the irony and parody. Pop art’ objective is to employ images of popular as opposed to elitist culture in art.

Much of pop art is considered ilogic, as some practices that are often used make it difficult for some to understandit easily.

Some pop art artists are Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol and Tom Wesselmann.

 Impressionism

It was a 19- century movement originated by some artists from Paris. At the start they didn’t have any success, but then it became a really important movement. Its name is derived from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant.

It has small, thin, yet visible brush strokes.Radicals in their time, early Impressionists violated the rules of academic painting.They began by constructing their pictures from freely brushed colours .The Impressionists found out that they could capture the momentary and transient effects of sunlight by painting en plein air.

Impressionism became a precursor of various styles of painting, including Neo-Impressionism, Post-impressionism, Fauvism and Cubism.

Some Impressionist are Cézanne, Degas, Manet, Monet et Renoir.

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