Enseñar a filosofar

5 10 2011

Como se suele decir, “cada maestrillo tiene su librillo” y por eso los diálogos filosóficos que tienen lugar en mis clases se inspiran en la metodología de “Filosofía para Niños” en la cual los alumnos y alumnas son los protagonistas del proceso de aprendizaje mientras que el profesor actúa como facilitador ayudando, aclarando conceptos, preguntando, analizando, acompañando, pero no dando la ansiada “solución” o en su defecto su “opinión personal”, la cual poco importa cuando de lo que se trata es de que el alumnado aprenda a pensar por sí mismo y pueda responder a las cuestiones en las pruebas escritas con total libertad sin sentir que tiene que escribir una respuesta prefabricada que encaje con los gustos del profesor en cuestión.

Siempre que los argumentos o las opiniones vertidas sean sólidos, no violentos y respeten las normas elementales de cortesía, serán bienvenidos y sometidos a un análisis, valoración y votación por parte del grupo-clase. De momento estoy muy contenta con los diálogos filosóficos que están teniendo lugar en los grupos de Ética, así que os animo a seguir así.

Como ejemplo de la línea pedagógica que inspira mis clases os dejo estas palabras extraídas del informe de la UNESCO titulado “La filosofía. Una escuela de libertad” (cuando el texto dice “niño” podemos entender que se refiere también a los adolescentes):

La respuesta de manera técnica, histórica, jurídica o científica a una pregunta planteada por un niño puede justificarse, ya que se le transmite así un saber. Se trata de la función misma de la escuela: transmitir a la generación emergente el patrimonio científico de la humanidad, que es la respuesta racionalmente elaborada a las preguntas que la humanidad se ha formulado en el transcurso de su historia. Pero responder, en lugar de los niños, a preguntas que tienen un alcance filosófico (a las cuales la ciencia no puede responder, como las de índole ética) equivale a impedirles pensar por sí mismos. Ésas son las preguntas para las cuales los niños deberán encontrar sus propias respuestas en el transcurso de la vida, evolucionando en la reflexión. Por consiguiente, a pesar de que no cabe responderles prematuramente, sin embargo podemos acompañarles en la búsqueda, para no dejarlos indefensos.

Una vez aclarado este punto, os invito a hacer la primera actividad voluntaria del blog:

 ACTIVIDAD PARA ÉTICA (CASTELLANO):

1. Expón tu opinión personal argumentada sobre los diálogos filosóficos.

2. Analiza alguna cuestión de las tratadas en clase que te haya hecho reflexionar.

Las respuestas serán publicadas y valoradas el día 16 de Octubre.

—————————————————————————————————-

ETHICS. BILINGUAL SECTION. FIRST ACTIVITY:

1. What is your opinion about philosophical dialogues? Do you like them or not? Why? Give reasons for your opinion.

2. We have been thinking about different philosophical issues. Do you like one of them? Which one? What do you think about it? Why?

(Remember you have to do the activity in English. Come on! You will do it very well, I know it…).

Delivery date: October, 16.

—————————————————————————————————————

Nos vemos en clase.

See you soon.

Estadísticas Este artículo ha sido visitado  2756  veces


Acciones

Informaciones

11 Comentarios a “Enseñar a filosofar”

10 10 2011
Laura Medina Viejo (16:52:46) :

Philosophy is a lifestyle we think our different ways of thinking. In class, we thought about many things such as whether animals feel and understand how humans and my opinion as that of many other class is that I have a cat at home and when to bathe or feed him or is it time to go to sleep means reacting in different ways, when my mother gets mad he started to meow or feel sick when I curl up next to me, for my my cat is for me to consider as an equal that is my opinion.
Nice page teacher ^^

12 10 2011
Miguel Alonso (15:23:45) :

1. What is your opinion about philosophical dialogues?I think they are a great activity people could use to interact with each other and learn a bit about one another. Do you like them or not?I certainly do like philosophical dialogues. Why? In my opinion, they can easily help to strengthen our society. Give reasons for your opinion. My opinion is straight forward, without these dialogues, the world would stay the same, but using them, we can tie bonds between different people easily and learn different opinions on matters which are hard to talk and think about with only our opinion to guide us in the misterious world of philosofy.
2. We have been thinking about different philosophical issues. Do you like one of them? No. Which one? None of them. What do you think about it? I think we can come up with better structured ideas. Why? Because I say so.

13 10 2011
Chen (17:48:35) :

I like them very much. Because in the philosophical dialogues I can listen my classmate’s opinion. And I think that the philosophical dialog is a very good action to make us to think about ourself, and we can learn more things by the opinion of other people.
Between the different philosophical issues that we have been thinking, I like best the question “What means to be a person?”. Because this is the question that I always think about.

14 10 2011
Juan Sebastián Aparicio Holguín (20:52:58) :

1. In my opinion philosophical dialogues is a way that we can to express. I like them because, for example I can have other reasons that others and I can dialogue with their to explain my reasons and persuade their or the opposite they can persuade me.
2. Yes, I like the opinion of the question about if Lincoln Six-Echo can be considered a person or is he only a product, because all the class express their opinion and we discuss about that, because some students said that Lincoln Six-Echo can be considered a person because he had feelings and other students said that he is a product because he is a clon.

15 10 2011
Seila (00:47:20) :

1.What is your opinion about philosophical dialogues? I like them because with them we can learn about the opinions of each other, and they can give you different points of view. I think that it is the best way to learn about common things.
2.Do you like them or not? Yes Why? In my opinion, it is a good way to learn about life, and a way to listen to the opinion of each other. The philosophical dialogues make you think about things which you would never have thought about. And is a easy way to learn ethics without studying, and to improve our english.
3. We have been thinking about different philosophical issues. Do you like one of them? Yes, I liked so much the dialogue about the meaning of life. Why? Because it made me think over about things that I had thought before considering these new matters. After having listened the opinions of my partners, I changed my way to seeing things… It changed my opinion.

15 10 2011
Anastasia (20:14:00) :

1)
I don´t like so much the philosophical dialogues. Because i´m not very good in talking about somethings that doesn´t have any specific answer. I can talk about it, but not ever i can express all my thoughts. I´m better talking about some philosophical case that i had lived.
2)
Yes, i liked them. We were talking about friendship and love. I like the both because i can talk about them easily. a) I have a best friend and i know what feelings you have when you know that this person is you true friend and all the things that he/she cans do for you. And i have a problems with she, and now i know that only a true friend can forgive that i did. b) And i love the segond issue too. We were talking about love and i can explain the difference between the love and the friendship. Because i know what you feel when you are next to the person who loves you and this feelings are very different to the feelings that you have when you are with you friend.

16 10 2011
Rodrigo Díez (19:32:25) :

1.- I think philosophical dialogues are a good form of learn and think what you want, without the teacher telling you what you have to think.
I like it because you have your own ideas, and not the teacher’s ideas.
2.- I like one philosophical issue that we talked in class. It was friendship. We discussed about what was the definition of friendship, but in fact, I think that we can’t do a definition of friendship because is a feeling that we feel and we can’t express it with words.

16 10 2011
Miriam Voces (19:38:22) :

1- I think that this metod is very usefull because we can explain our ideas without the pressure or the feeling that you have to say something that the teacher likes , so you have to respect and be educated and you can say what you think.
2- It helps me and make me compare my opinion with the opinion of some partners , it´s very interesting and for example , I reflect very much the day in wich we talk about diferences between animals and persons , I think on the differents way of think about a topic.

16 10 2011
Conchi (21:11:09) :

Wow! I’m so impressed. You did it really well. Good job.
Laura, I think that your cat must be amazing. In fact, we have a lot of things in common with animals, althought they are different from us.
Miguel, saying “because I say so” is not the best way to answer the questions. I will teach you how to give “good reasons”. I’m glad you like philosophical dialogues.
Chen, I want you to talk more and take part in the dialogues. Tell us what you think about being a person!!
Juan, I remember the issue about Lincoln, humm, he seems to be a person, don’t you think so?
Seila, listening to your partners is a good way to learn but I want you to talk more and persuade them to change their opinions.
Anastasia, take it easy. You will learn how to express your opinions better than now.
Rodrigo and Miriam, you are right. In Ethics class what matters is your opinion. Who cares about the teacher? :.) I only hope you to listen to me when I try to explain something because you, as a group, are extremely talkative.
Well done. See you tomorrow.

16 10 2011
alba sánchez (21:37:51) :

Hi teacheeeeeer!
Well, my opinion about philosophical dialogues is that it’s a good way to see different views of the same topic and this may help you to reflect about different themes, even, helps you to meet people of your class, because depending on their answers, you know more or less how is their way of thinking and seeing things.
I like philosophical dialogues,because it makes more pleasant the class and I am learning to value more the opinion of my classmates.
I like the activity of class where we were talking about the question: What does it mean to be a person? and I answer that being a person means to be someone with his own way of thinking, his defects and virtues, his own feelings.. Definitely: being a person means to be unique, an individual of wich there is no two identical copies.
I liked a lot this day because it was a very entertaining philosophical dialogue in wich the whole class asked very interesting questions.

I hope that all our classes continue being so entertainig, Bye! see you tomorrow teacher! :)

16 10 2011
Conchi (22:36:12) :

Last but not least, Alba. I’m glad to know that you like philosophical dialogues. See you!

Enviar un comentario


*
Para demostrar que eres un usuario (no un script de spam), introduce la palabra de seguridad mostrada en la imagen.
Anti-Spam Image