El efecto perverso

6 11 2013

Con ocasión de la celebración este mes de Noviembre del día contra la violencia de género, y partiendo del enfoque comentado en el artículo anterior sobre la violencia estructural contra las mujeres, voy a proponer el tema de la situación de las mujeres durante el holocausto nazi. Como bien sabéis, en todo conflicto armado el hecho de ser mujer agrava el riesgo de ser víctima de violencia y dicha violencia no es sólo ejercida por hombres sino también por mujeres insolidarias y crueles.

Más de tres millones de mujeres fallecieron víctimas del nazismo. Y saber el modo en que sufrieron pone los pelos de punta. Algunas de ellas fueron objeto de investigación médica, son las llamadas “kaninchen” o conejillos de indias. Los abusos cometidos fueron tales como esterilizarlas sin que se dieran cuenta, matar a sus bebés recién nacidos, destrozarles los pechos, torturarlas psicológicamente y violarlas siendo niñas o estando embarazadas.

Muchas de esas mujeres no quisieron contarlo por miedo a un sistema poderoso donde se ejecutaban órdenes salvajes si ningún remordimiento con vistas a ganar puntos en el conflicto. Sin embargo, hoy en día sus voces se están empezando a escuchar.

Para reflexionar sobre este tema os propongo la siguiente actividad al grupo de la asignatura “Ethics”.

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ACTIVITY:

a) Visit the following website and read about women during the holocaust: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/es/article.php?ModuleId=10005176

b) Choose one women and tell me her story: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/es/gallery.php?ModuleId=10005176&MediaType=OI

c) What were the “freezing experiments”? Write 5 lines about them.

d) Give your opinion about the violence suffered by women. Was it moral or immoral? Why?

That’s all for now. See you in class.

 Deadline: November 17.  9 p.m.

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2 Comentarios a “El efecto perverso”

17 11 2013
Daniela Stromer Gutiérrez (17:00:32) :

b) I’ve chosen Dora Goldstein Roth’s story, because, in my opinion, it was the most interesting of all.

Dora was born in Warsaw (Poland) in 1932. Her family ran away to Vilna (Lithuania), because Germans had invaded Poland. She was only seven years old. But, years later, Germans also occupied Vilna and Dora’s father was shot. The rest of the family was sent to the Vilna guetto. Dora, her sister and her mother were moved to the Kaiserwald camp in Latvia and then to the Stutthof concentration camp near Danzig (Poland). Her mother and sister died in Stutthof. Dora was executed just before liberation, but she survived.

c) The freezing experiments consisted of forcing the people to remain in a tank of ice water for periods up to three hours. Extreme rigor developed in a short time. Many victims died in the course of these experiments. The ones who survived, were severely chilled. Then, they tried to re-heat them by several means:

-Sun Lamps: frozen victims were placed under sun lamps that were so hot they would burn the victim.
-Internal Irrigation: extremely hot water was irrigated to the stomach, bladder, and intestines.
-Hot Bath: victims were placed in warm water that would slowly be heated. This was the most successful method when it was performed slowly.

In other experiments, the people were kept naked outdoors for many hours at temperatures below freezing. These victims shouted with pain as their bodies froze.

d) I think it was an extremely cruel act. We have to learn about this fact and not to repeat it again in history. This was a really inhuman abuse. Nazis raped girls and pregnant Jewish and non-Jewish women and they submitted women to physical and psychological tortures, which was completely unethical.

It was an absolutely immoral act, because Nazis could treat women as Nazis themselves would have liked to be treated and they did not do it. They didn’t keep the ethical established rules.

17 11 2013
Conchi (21:28:24) :

Amazing! It’s perfect, Daniela. Congratulations, you are good at Ethics. See you in class.

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