Artículos de Febrero 2014

Bulgaria

Lunes, 3 Febrero 2014

                                                                                                    

Bulgaria is a constitutional republic that is in the southeastern part of Europe. It borders with five other states, namely, Serbia, Greece, Turkey, Macedonia and Romania. The largest city and capital is Sofia, followed by the city of Plovdiv.   The origin of the country dates back to 7,000 years ago, in 681 CE, when the first Bulgarian empire was created. Approximately 1,5 centuries later, Bulgaria went to become twice its present size, covering the territories of White, Black and Adriatic seas. The major ancient ethnic groups that have inhabited the land include Thracians, Slavs, Greeks and Romans. Each one of them has left many important cultural marks in various terrains.    The official language spoken of over 10,000,000 people is Bulgarian. The Bulgarian alphabet is called “Cyrillic”, named after one of its two creators the saints-brothers Cyril and Methodius. The official religion is Christian-orthodox. The national Bulgarian hymn is called “Dear Motherland” (Мила Родино). At present day, Bulgaria is proud to be a member of the European Union family and NATO.     Some of the most significant traditions include Baba Marta’s Day (Баба Марта), St. George’s Day (Гергьовден), Easter (Великден) and Christmas (Коледа). Folklore (music of the people) is the traditional music that is played during customs and national celebrations. Normally, it is performed by а women’s ensemble that is accompanied by a bagpipe, also known as gaida (гайда).     In natural aspect, Bulgaria has a lot to offer. It is a very diverse place, where in winter one could see marvelous, snow-coated mountain peaks, on the one hand, and cozy sunny beaches in summer, on the other. Some products from the country have gained worldwide fame, those are rose oil, yellow cheese and yoghurt, to name a few. For these reasons and more, the state is welcoming thousands of tourists from all over the world every year.